Is it possible to have both peace and justice at the same time? Yes, but not always.
We have some great historical examples of where peace reigned and justice prevailed. Tragically, there are probably more examples of when this didn’t occur.
The most recent and relevant is related to Sudan and the ongoing extermination of the Darfuri people.
What are Peace & Justice?
Peace – For our purposes, peace is a freedom from civil disturbance a state of security or order within a community provided for by law or custom or a state or period of mutual concord between governments as in a pact or agreement to end hostilities between those who have been at war or in a state of enmity. (Webster)
Justice – is the concept of moral rightness based on ethics, rationality, law, natural law, fairness and equity. (Wikipedia)
So in the case of Darfur, peace would be the absence of conflict, improved security and safety around refugee camps, and a return of the refugees to their original homes without a fear of violence. Justice would be the prosecution and imprisonment of individuals involved in illegal activities, such as rape, murder, pillaging, arson, and other similar atrocities.
Advocates around the world have been actively seeking a combination of the two to occur in the Texas sized province of Darfur in Western Sudan. However, at times their actions and advocacy have not always aligned with the best interests of the refugees and aid workers. I am just as guilty as the next advocate in this instance. We have been advocating for peace since 2003 and haven’t had any real success in that regard.
Governments around the world took action… but failed the people of Darfur with their token responses. We send peacekeepers without proper equipment, underfund them, and understaff them – setting them up for failure yet again. What is the purpose of documenting atrocities instead of preventing them? Yes, you must document a crime to prosecute it… but how many must die in the process?
In the past few weeks the International Criminal Court issued an indictment for the President of Sudan. The first time such an indictment has been issued for a sitting head of state. It may also be the first time that it is clearly a head of state allowing crimes against humanity and war crimes to occur. Read more at the ICC’s Darfur Page.
This indictment was a clear step toward justice and holding an individual accountable for the actions they knowingly allowed to occur. The debate in many circles is… was that a wise move?
I don’t know claim to know everything but there definitely are some problems related to this. Everyone knew that after the indictment all the humanitarian aid workers would be either kicked out or harrased and that came to pass. Everyone also knew that the indictment is almost impossible to enforce – Sudan and many of its closest allies are not signators (nor is the US) on the charter of the ICC. This means that we and they have no responsibility to act on its warrants. The president is fairly safe to travel around within those countries without risking arrest. It is almost impossible to arrest him in Sudan because he has popular support within the capital and much of north Sudan.
So why go after justice knowing that it will be hard to serve and create everything but peace? I agree it should give Darfuri people hope that ultimately justice will be served and their death and suffering will be vindicated. I can’t imagine that will mean much as they continue to suffer each day.
Jim Wallis gives a clear account of what has happened since the ICC indictment:
Over the past few weeks, 13 international humanitarian organizations have been expelled from Sudan at the dictate of Omar al-Bashir, president of Sudan. These actions came soon after the International Criminal Court handed down an indictment of al-Bashir and issued a warrant for his arrest for crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes in Darfur. As a result, 1.1 million Darfuris are without food, 1.5 million without health care, and more than 1 million without access to clean drinking water. If there was any doubt as to whether or not he was truly acting in the best interest of his people, his use of food and water as weapons of war show that he just does not care about the people of Darfur.
With the expulsion of these humanitarian organizations, al-Bashir has shown that he has no interest in the well-being of the people of Darfur or in bringing piece. These actions show that once again there comes a time when a political leader has so violated standards of international law and morality that he should no longer be treated as a sovereign, even in his own country, but as a criminal. Actions like this show that he should no longer be president, but prosecuted and brought to justice like the international fugitive of the law he now is. If he was serious about peace and progress, the first thing he should do is welcome the aid organizations back into his country, and without that he has ensured that this warrant will be pursued.
There is no doubt that if we continue to watch there will be neither peace nor justice. We must act for both. Hoping and praying that somewhere along the way somebody with power will stand up and say ENOUGH and take immediate action that will end the pain and suffering of millions of innocent children, women, and men.
Other good reads include
ICC Not as stupid as the cynics may have thought
If Not Peace, Then Justice
Technorati Tags: Darfur, ICC, Bashir, Sudan, Genocide